This case study is part of the Technological innovation cluster (TECH). The focus region selected for its implementation comprise two NUTS 3 in Poland South-east, Wielkopolskie and Wroclawski, Poland (PL518).
In this region the agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the region’s economy. Farmers manage about 1,800 thousand hectares of agricultural land. Farmers of the region have the largest agricultural production in the whole country, both global and by commodity. At the national level the region is ranked second in global and commodity crop production and in first place respecting the national livestock production. The region is defined by an innovative well-organized agriculture – in the region the agriculture with the high support of European funds is quickly modernizing. Modernization of agriculture production assets in Wielkopolska and Wrocławski region is proceeding much faster than on average in the country.
The requirements introduced in agriculture, which are conditions that protect the natural environment, human and animal health, concern the use of sustainable fertilization and integrated pest management, can be responded by adopting precise fertilization and chemical protection practices, what is generally known by precision farming.
In the selected focus region the farms applying or interested in the introduction of the precision farming system are mainly large-scale facilities conducting intensive crop production based largely on technological simplifications – based on the analysis of environmental conditions (soil richness analyses, information on the occurrence of pathogens).
The region is characterised by large-scale farms established on the former state-owned farms, which, due to the intensification of production and the need to reduce costs, introduce simplified technologies in the cultivation of plants. In these facilities, there are favourable conditions for introducing elements of precision agriculture into the plant production process and the efficient use of resources in the form of efficient mechanization measures on their equipment.
Legal requirements demanded to agriculture, which are conditions that protect the natural environment, human and animal health, concern the use of sustainable fertilization and integrated pest management, which in turn is associated with precise fertilization and chemical protection measures.
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Agricultural Advisory Center
Agricultural Advisory Center (AAC) is a government institution subordinated to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The Center is an operator that cooperates with agricultural advisory organizations, government and self-government administration institutions, professional associations, research and development units, as well as other entities working for the development of agriculture and rural areas in Poland. The purpose of current activities is the improvement of knowledge and qualifications of advisory staff as well as increase and unification of standards of services provided by advisers for farmers and other rural dwellers.