South Moravian and Central Bohemian region, The Czech Republic, are agricultural regions neighboring the capital city (Central Bohemian region) or the second biggest city Brno (South Moravian region).
Both regions (Central Bohemia and South Moravia Region) copes with water scarcity, therefore adjusting of conservation tillage to local conditions is a big challenge. More than 50 % of arable land in the Czech Republic is an erosion endangered area. A strategy has been introduced to spread the area where conservation tillage will be obliged to use by the year 2030. The pre-research questioning has shown, that even if in both regions the awareness of such innovation was not new, there has been lots of obstacles.
The study is focused on the implementation of conservation tillage. Due to the past communist policy, where the merging of plots and removing of hedges and ditches was required, the high percentage of Czech agricultural area is endangered by erosion. Even though, the Ministry of Agriculture deals with this problem and has introduced several regulations, erosion risk area remains a big challenge for the whole Czech agriculture.
The type of agricultural holdings involved in case study conservation tillage consists of 41 % of sole holders and the rest are holdings. The average area of interviewed agricultural farm was 1 624 ha and the majority of the land was leased.
In the Czech Republic, there are many measures certified by the Ministry of Agriculture to fulfil cross compliance (e.g. the requirement for soil protection). Some of them are based on organizational changes (e.g. shape of a parcel, crop rotation), others are based on agro-technical measures (such as no-tillage, sub-tillage, sowing into intercrops).
Unfortunately, cross compliance conditions have been changed unexpectedly by state and some farmers do not meet the requirements anymore. Some of them adopted an innovation with the goal to fulfil requirements, which caused big investment in machinery. But at the end, they have not met the requirements again.
Full report is available here.
Institute of Agricultural Economics and information (UZEI) has a vast experience in working with rural development policy. The department of advisory services provide the certification of accredited advisors. The Multi-actor working group, coordinated by the UZEI, prepares the new scheme of advisory services in the new CAP period.